The Spread is the difference between the buy and sell prices quoted for a forex pair.
Like many financial markets, when you open a forex position you’ll be presented with two prices. If you want to open a long position, you trade at the buy price, which is slightly above the market price. If you want to open a short position, you trade at the sell price – slightly below the market price.
What are Pips?
When a forex pair increases or decreases in price, that movement is measured in units called pips. A pip is usually equivalent to a one-digit movement in the fourth decimal place of a currency pair. So, if GBP/USD moves from $1.35361 to $1.35471, then it has moved a single pip.
The exception to this rule is when the quote currency is listed in much smaller denominations, with the most notable example being the Japanese yen. Here, a movement in the second decimal place constitutes a single pip.
The decimal places shown after the pip are called fractional pips, or sometimes pipettes.